John Bingham, architect of the 14th amendment, defined a natural born citizen, at the same time?
he made clear that former slaves deserved to be citizens so that their descendants like any other citizens’ descendants could also be natural born citizens. Bingham added the 14th amendment to bring former slaves into the fold of America, but he emphasized that the 14th did not change the definition of the natural born citizen.In 1866 the Civil Rights Act reemphasized this, and it was reenacted verbatim in 1872, it is still on the books. It says if a child is born with any other allegiance or citizenship it is not a US citizen.In 1874, Minor v. Happersett held that no 14th amendment citizen is ever a natural born citizen (because the 14th was added 6 years prior).”All from other lands, who by the terms of [congressional] laws and a compliance with their provisions become naturalized, are adopted citizens of the United States; all other persons born within the Republic, of parents owing allegiance to no other sovereignty, are natural born citizens. Gentleman can find no exception to this statement touching natural-born citizens except what is said in the Constitution relating to Indians.” (Cong. Globe, 37th, 2nd Sess., 1639 (1862))
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